As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Login here for access. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Login or Sign up. Jessica has taught junior high history and college seminar courses. She has a master's degree in education. My grandma always said people are like onions: Unbeknownst to all of us at Social penetration theory of pyschology time, her words had some science behind them.
In fact, they were actually the core of what sociologists call the social penetration theorywhich asserts that, as relationships develop, communication moves from somewhat superficial thoughts and topics to intimate and personal ones. In today's lesson, we'll delve into the social penetration theory and how it plays out in interpersonal communication. For starters, the psychology team of Altman and Taylor authored Social penetration theory of pyschology social penetration theory.
As a duo, they're credited with the famous onion metaphorthe idea that personality is multi-layered. That our public selves are the outside layer, and our personal selves are the core. According to Altman and Taylor, penetrating someone's inner self takes lots of work. In short, they agree with my Grandma.
In both friendship and romance, you have to peel someone back to get to really know 'em. According to the social penetration theory, this peeling of sorts goes through many stages, or layers.
Deep, intimate relationships don't just happen. They develop as the participants disclose information about themselves. Keeping this in mind, the first stage, or layer, in the social penetration theory is the orientation stage. Like the name implies, the orientation stage is the introductory stage.
It's where we first begin to gather impressions of one another. It's the, 'Hello, nice to meet you' phase and the 'My name is. In the orientation phase, we show only our public selves and things are kept light. When someone asks, 'How are you?
To do otherwise would seem awkward and out of place. Now, if we seem to hit it off Social penetration theory of pyschology someone during the orientation phase, we might decide to peel back the layer into the exploratory affective stage. In this next stage, casual friendships are born. We begin to reveal ourselves and our opinions, while also exploring those of our new acquaintance. No, we're not crying on each other's shoulders, discussing how our parents wounded us; that would be weird.
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Instead, we still stick to rather shallow waters, exploring safe topics like movies, sports or, perhaps, politics. If both parties find enough to like in the exploratory affective stage, another layer is peeled, and the affective stage is entered. In the affective stagerelationships wade into the deep waters of self-disclosure and intimacy. Social penetration theory of pyschology are plastic smiles and trite sayings.
Whether the relationship is platonic or romantic, this is the stage where we sort of declare we're all in. We're willing to peel back our layers.
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Acquaintance is replaced by friendship and casual dating often moves to couplehood. Now when we have a bad day, we call each other and complain or cry.
Social Penetration Theory
Simple 'I'm fine's are supplanted by 'I need you, and bring ice cream! Get FREE access for 5 days, just create an account.
If the affective stage is survived, we arrive at the stable stage of the social penetration theory. In this stage, our layers are pulled back and our true colors are shown.
Pretense and posturing are no more. Hopes, dreams and disappointments are freely shared and secrets are revealed. Whether good, bad or ugly, all is out on the table.
Due to the amount of self disclosure the stable stage requires, it's not surprising that few relationships ever make it this far. After all, revealing one's self, allowing someone to peel your onion, requires both confidence and trust. However, once the stable stage is reached, sayings like 'We can read each other's minds' are often espoused. Rather than needing to hypothesize what their relationship partner is going to do or say, Social penetration theory of pyschology in the stable stage can often foretell it.
Like a faded pair of jeans or an old team sweatshirt, the stable stage brings predictability and comfort.
social penetration theory a model...
Unfortunately, not all relationships find eternal rest in the stable stage. Sadly, the theory also includes the depenetration stage. During this rather undesirable stage, which can occur at any time, the connection between the parties breaks down as one or both decides the negatives of the association outweigh the positives.
Perhaps one gets too needy, or perhaps one just gets bored. Either way, phrases like, 'She's too clingy' or 'We just fell out of love' are hallmarks of the stage.
Putting it Social penetration theory of pyschology, albeit coldly, the depenetration stage occurs as the onion is peeled, found wanting and returned to sender. The social penetration theory holds as relationships develop, communication moves from somewhat superficial thoughts and topics to intimate and personal ones. The team of Altman and Taylor authored the social penetration theory. In it, they espouse the onion metaphor: In order to reach a person's core personality, a relationship travels through several stages.
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According to the social penetration theory, people are like onions that need to be peeled in stages. This lesson discusses these stages as they pertain to interpersonal communication.
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The social penetration theory (SPT)...
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UExcel Workplace Communications with Computers: Effective Communication in the Workplace: Diversity and Intercultural Communication. Intro to Mass Communications II. Research Methods in Psychology. Abstract The Social Penetration Theory is a communication and psychology theory first written by Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor. The theory. In today's lesson, we'll delve into the social penetration theory and how it plays out in interpersonal communication.
For starters, the Social penetration theory of pyschology team of Altman. The social penetration theory (SPT) proposes that, as relationships develop, interpersonal communication moves from relatively shallow, non-intimate levels to deeper, more intimate ones.
The theory was formulated by psychologists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor.
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2 minute Altman and Taylor
At a party, one observes different levels of interpersonal communication. At an open table, new acquaintances exchange names and share their musical preferences. A couple on their second date chats nearby their political views. Long-time allies discuss their feelings about a difficult family situation. Meanwhile, a married couple sits quietly, making only occasional comments about the other guests and chuckling in agreement.
Another couple, stewing in anger, sits away from the other guests, refusing to deal with to each other. Social Puncture Theory explains these differences in communication in relation to the depth of interpersonal relationships. Developed in by psychologists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor, the theory states that relationships begin and deepen through self-disclosure. In the beginning, people establish relationships next to disclosing many simple, harmless facts through small talk.
As links grow, the rate of self-disclosure slows while the facts disclosed become increasingly intimate in disposition.
The social penetration theory SPT proposes that, as relationships develop, interpersonal communication moves from relatively shallow, non-intimate levels to deeper, more intimate ones. Altman and Taylor notes that relationships "involve different levels of intimacy of exchange or degree of social penetration". The social penetration theory is known as an objective theory as opposed to an interpretive theory, meaning that it is based on data drawn from experiments and not from conclusions based on individuals' specific experiences.
The social penetration theory states that the relationship development occurs primarily through self-disclosure , or intentionally revealing personal information such as personal motives or desires, feelings, thoughts, and experiences to others. This theory is also guided by the assumptions that relationship development is systematic and predictable. Through self-disclosure, relationships development follows particular trajectory, moving from superficial layers of exchanges to more intimate ones.
Social penetration theory is based on four basic assumptions. For instance, on a first date, people tend to present their outer images only, talking about hobbies.
As the relational development progresses, wider and more controversial topics such as political views are included in the conversations. Second, interpersonal relationships develop in a generally systematic and predictable manner. This assumption indicates the predictability of relationship development. Although it is impossible to foresee the exact and precise path of relational development, there is certain trajectory to follow.
Social Penetration Theory: Definition &...
An example would be when passing by an acquaintance and saying, "Hi, how are you? When the costs of self-disclosure exceed the potential rewards, self-disclosure stops and the relationship stalls. This is known as idiomatic communication, a phenomenon that is reported to occur more often among couples in the coming together stages of a relationship. The affective stage , which includes a buy-in to the relationship through self disclosure and intimacy.
Instead, we still stick to rather shallow waters, exploring safe topics like movies, sports or, perhaps, politics. What's your main goal?
However, once the stable stage is reached, sayings like 'We can read each other's minds' are often espoused.
Suit upload essays, bibliography, articles, review, summaries, presentations, research papers, thesis proposal, dispute studies, coursework, ingenious writing, and any other study resources. It is to boot used in other fields of learn about such as luny to explain the interaction between folks. The social inroad theory has more been used as a starting direct attention to to develop other theories in the field of communication. The social perspicacity theory is an objective theory A First Look At Communication, page 25 and is over referred to as the Onion Theory.
The disclosure establishs a wedge of information into your personality that deepens as the relationship deepens. This is done through profundity and breadth of self-disclosure.
Difficult to find romantic relationships? It is also used in other fields of study such as psychology to explain the interaction between people. The social penetration theory has also been used as a. Social Penetration Theory explains these differences in communication in in by psychologists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor, the theory states that.. Social Penetration Theory
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Social penetration theory of pyschology
Social penetration theory of pyschology
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Social Penetration Theory
The social penetration theory (SPT) proposes that, as relationships develop, interpersonal communication moves... social penetration theory a model stating that relationships grow closer with...
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Streaming videos that cover every part of the exam, to help you get your best grade or score Download videos with ease Full transcripts of each lesson Unlimited practice tests —so you're completely confident on test day Mobile app —study anywhere 1-on-1 support from instructors. As relationships grow, the rate of self-disclosure slows while the facts disclosed become increasingly intimate in nature.
The "social compensation" or "poor-get-richer" hypothesis Sheldon, suggests that those who have poor social networks and social anxiety can get more benefit by disclosing themselves freely and creating new relationships through the Internet Sheldon, Please Choose a Product.
Contrary to the path stated by social penetration theory, the relationship would have developed from the core — the highest depth — to the superficial surface of large breadth. In a reward-cost assessment, communicators weigh the risks of self-disclosure against its potential rewards.
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